In anticipation of summer, nature blossoms and pleases the eye with the riot of colors, which can not but affect the good mood of any homeowner. Immediately I want to update my home, make it more vivid and pleasant to look at. April and May are the most "hot" months for renovation of the painting, both on the facades of country houses, and the interior parts of apartments. But how to choose a paint in such a way that the quality color pleased you more than one season, but withstood the fall precipitation and winter cold? We advise you to read our article, which will help you choose high-quality paint and varnish products.
Types of paints
First of all, you need to decide which paint you need to paint - do you plan to change the color of the facade, "refresh" the fence or update the paint in the interior. Depending on the purpose, there are several types of building paint, which will be discussed below.
Paints for external work differ depending on what you want to paint - the facade of the house, the fence, the gates, the walls, the garden furniture, etc. For each type of surface, a certain kind of paint and varnish products is suitable. Take into account that the paint for outdoor works should perform at least two functions - to give an aesthetic appearance and protect the surface from external atmospheric influences (water, dust, sun and ultraviolet rays, etc.) and bacteria. For example, with a strong wind from the walls of the house, particles of brick and concrete are carried away, and under the influence of sediments, wooden surfaces begin to decay and collapse.
The main criterion in the choice of facade paint should be the chemical composition of the product, which directly affects the quality of the paint. As a connecting element can act different chemical substances, differing from each other properties, which, accordingly, affects the purpose of the paint.
Paints for interior work, first of all, must be made of their materials, not harmful to health. The colors used in the premises have a low moisture resistance, which distinguishes them from paints for outdoor work. Nevertheless, for painting rooms with high humidity (bathrooms, shower cabins) you need to use special paints for interior work.
Water-based paints - contain a binder that causes the formation of a film on the surface to be painted; Color pigment, giving color; Filler, saving pigment and giving the product such properties as even gloss (gloss), density, fire resistance, protection from mold and bacteria.
Use water-based paints mainly for painting metal, primed, wooden products and cardboard, plaster. This paint dries quite quickly - about two hours at an average temperature of 18-23 ° C. The water-based paints are applied to the previously leveled and cleaned dry surface. As a putty, we recommend choosing an emulsion. The spray gun is moved in this direction when painting: first vertically, and then repeat horizontally. Please note that the water-based paint should not be applied to the vitreous and alumina primer, otherwise it will lead to the destruction of the coating.
Silicate paints - mainly they are made on the basis of liquid glass or lime, because of what they belong to the category of mineral paints. Such paints are loose, pass air well, react weakly to water (water repellent), are resistant to temperature changes. These properties allow the use of silicate paints for staining stone, concrete, plastered surfaces (both external and internal). Silicate paints are diluted with water.
The oil colors look like pastes. They include oil oils, fillers, pigments. Oil paints are doughy (they must be planted with olive oil before use) and ready for use. Applying oil paints to the surface can be done using rollers, brushes, spray.
Before you start working with oil paint, stir it thoroughly (10-15 minutes) - the composition should become homogeneous. For use as a primer, oil paints can be diluted with kerosene, turpentine, white spirit. In order to achieve the desired density of paint, you can use gasoline, kerosene, white spirit, turpentine.
Enamel paints - paints containing grated pigments or a mixture of varnishes and oils. Depending on the components contained in them, enamel paints can be: on nitro-enamels, oil varnishes, alcohol varnishes, lacquers of cellulose ethers. Today, acrylic copolymers are added to the enamel. Acrylic copolymers are quite expensive materials, but they significantly increase the shelf life of the painted product.
Enamels can be diluted with a variety of solvents. According to its purpose, this type of paint is suitable for indoor walls, in which the humidity level is constantly high - kitchen, bathroom, dressing room.
Alkyd paints - this type of paints include previously mentioned oil paints produced on the basis of varnish, as well as enamel paints based on varnish. Used alkyd paints for painting
In anticipation of summer, nature blossoms and pleases the eye with the riot of colors, which can not but affect the good mood of any homeowner. Immediately I want to update my home, make it more vivid and pleasant to look at. April and May are the most “hot” months for renovation of the painting, both on the facades of country houses, and the interior parts of apartments. But how to choose a paint in such a way that the quality color pleased you more than one season, but withstood the fall precipitation and winter cold? We advise you to read our article, which will help you choose high-quality paint and varnish products.